how to lace a bicycle wheel 36 spokes

December 6, 2020 0 Comments Uncategorized

I just did. I read that there are many out there, and the senior/pro keep telling us to get a new pair of rims. 5. When both parts arrived, it felt like doomed. Second:Twist the hub, so that the spokes run diagonally from the hub to the rim. Author’s personal opinion. If I were to do it again, I would lace red and blue with standard length, and orange and green with extra length spokes. 36 hole rim 1ea. Place the rim in your lap with the valve stem hole directly across from you. Ok, We have rims, spokes and hubs (and nipples try to avoid alloy nipples) lets start lacing up that wheel. If you do a front wheel, or a MTB wheel they tend to be a lot more forgiving than a road bike's rear wheel. Shimano recomends a specific lace rotation for each side of each wheel in their Hydraulic Disc Brake - BR-M765 Service Instructions. I never noticed that the new Shimano hub I ordered has 36 holes. really depends on the wheel. A 28 spoke wheel is marginal and cannot withstand large loads. Like most bike-things, wheelbuilding is full of special-terms, skills, and overwhelming amounts of information. Thank you, Going few years back I need to refresh my mind for a while :DWhen you see 4 or 5 crosses, you are counting with the blue spokes which are on the other side of the working-face. 36 hole hub 36ea. How many miles have you ridden on it since the modification? You'll often find him riding the same track ten times in a day, changing just one thing to pin down the differences. We are still working with the outside-in-spokes. Check out this video on calculating spoke length if you need spokes! Lacing Bike Wheel : 36 Holes Hub to 32 Holes Rim: Do you buy a mismatch hub and rim of a bike wheel? I have double wall rims that saved me from the exceeded length of some spokes ^_^, Question Here’s our quick bluffer’s guide to spoke lacing. I have a front rim that is of 30mm v profile (rim brake), aluminum, feels like a tank's military spec wheel, with 36 2mm SS spokes. It goes to the empty hole on the rim after making three crosses to the blue spokes. If the holes are off center lace the spokes to holes that are drilled to that side of the flange. With the motor there'll be considerable torque on the parts and I'm hoping for a top speed of 30 mph, so it will be high torque and high speed.Have you been happy with the wheel laced this way? Figure 3 shows the next two spokes to lace. It's important to remember that on the rear wheel the drive side spokes are slightly shorter than the non-drive side, due to the dish of the wheel. Couldn't affor to buy new hubs or new rims though. They’re often laced two-cross, because the lower spoke count means there are fewer spokes to cross over. The single cross lace pattern is based on 4 spokes, and then that repeats till the rim is full. We begin with lacing the wheel, then show you the process of truing the wheel. Five or six turns on the nipple is good. on Step 4, Hello,Step 4, on your picture there are three crosses while on your schema there are more crosses (4 or 5). Spoke patterns are generally named based on how many times a spoke “crosses” other spokes from the same flange on its way from the hub to the rim.So, a three-cross (3-cross or 3X) spoke pattern will mean each spoke crosses three others b… Then put the nipple on the spoke to lock it on the rim. It is good if you can imagine that your spokes have colors, otherwise.. you can mark it with color sticky notes. spoke nipples Jargon Rim - The big hoop with holes around the edge Hub - The thing in the middle that holds the axle and has 2 flanges on it with holes in them. The first blue spoke goes to the right side of the initial red spoke on the rim. To compensate for this, some Roval and Fulcrum front wheels have twice as many spokes on the non-driveside as the driveside. In a separate post I wrote in more technical details about how to build a bicycle wheel, lacing pattern etc. Cheers! Assuming you’re building a 36-spoke wheel, you’ll do this in 4 groups of 9 spokes … Beginning at the spoke hole next to the valve stem, insert a spoke nipple and thread it 3 turns onto the first spoke. You should also prep your spokes with linseed oil or spoke prep before lacing. Crossing the spokes over helps them handle the pedalling and braking torque being transmitted from the hub to the rim. I didn't shoot any vid on that project and ofcourse I am not going to redo.But if you follow my instructables step by step, I belive you can do it. So get everything together and make some time learn how to build a wheel, a very rewarding experience. Flip your wheel over so that the non-driving side is facing up. In this series we give you the basics of building a 36 spoke wheel. You are welcome. I do carefully count the spokes on my old wheel and yes I ordered 32 holes 26" rims. Depending on your rim and spoke length you probably want to build with cross-3 lacing which is by far the most common. Joe Konrardy, Apr 25, 2014 (Updated Nov 22, 2020). The first cross is from the above (up), the second cross is from above (up) and the third cross is from the below (down) the blue spoke it passes. Used any spoke-calculator on the internet? Few foam boards from refrigerator or tv set will help reducing scratches on the floor and rim. The most common way for a wheel to be laced is with 32 or 36 J-bend spokes, arranged in a three-cross pattern. Lucky for us, when it comes to spoke-patterns, things are a little more straightforward. Rohloff hubs require a very specific wheel build. Place the hub in the middle and the rim around it. Low weight and/or increased strength of the wheel: a 24-hole hub in a 2:1 arrangement has 16 spokes on the drive side which is the same as a 32-spoke conventional wheel. The bicycle hub consists of a central axle, 2 bearing cups, a set of ball bearings, and 2 discs called the hub flanges (A). Hope I can serve you another instructable on that one later ;). One at a time, place these spokes into every fifth rim hole (counting from spoke to spoke; photo 2 ) and add nipples. Locate your hole #1 and counting clockwise we get the hole #2 on the left. Lacing the last 18 spokes to complete the lacing of this 36 spoke wheel! They are all go to empty holes on the rim. Not a single issue with my bike. No problem at all. For those interested, I swapped my hub from 36 hole rim to a 32 hole rim and I managed to make it work with spokes of one size. We are heading to the next level that is truing the wheel. The process of fitting spokes when building a bicycle wheel is known as lacing, presumably because they're passed through holes and then tightened, like shoelaces. Only jumping off/to sidewalk or few half feet stairs. I'm gonna be replacing my rear wheel, spokes, and of course will need to get it laced up. This extra elasticity contributes to radial wheel strength. I have a front rim that is of 30mm v profile (rim brake), aluminum, feels like a tank's military spec wheel, with 36 2mm SS spokes. This is possible because straight-pull spokes can be tightened to higher tensions than J-bend spokes. You will use only four turns for all spoke nipples until you have installed all 36 spokes. Already have an account with us? Hi mate hope you don't mind me asking, i was just wondering how long aproximently were your spokes. The angle is the inclination of the spoke to the radius of the wheel. Don't forget to dish/offset a rear wheel so it fits in the frame. You could go out and buy a bike, but what fun would that be? Spoke Wrench Materials 1ea. Holding the hub disc side up and the rim horizontal, separate the spokes and … You may need some shorter spokes if they are available in the market. Bearings are going south and I have this really nice 18 spoke … Mavic’s Crossmax wheels use a radial (non-crossed) spoke pattern on the driveside. alternative bicycle wheel spoke pattern. The number of spokes are divided equally between both flanges so that a 36 spoke wheel will have flanges that contain 18 holes each. on Introduction. 2 years ago, It's okay to use spoke length calculator, but I didn't because I couldn't find different sizes of spoke other than the universal 10.5” in town. You'll need a rim, a hub, and the proper length spokes and spoke nipples. The drive side of the wheel will use shorter spokes than the nondrive side, this is due to the rear wheel being dished (flatter on the cassette side). Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences. This means that every spoke intersects three others between the hub and the rim. Due to the much larger diameter motor I will have to buy 155mm spokes so the pattern will be different and maybe look weird but it should still hang together. Then I ordered a new pair of rims from separate store. Then I ordered a new pair … Flip the wheel over so that the driving side facing up. here is step by step instructions that will do a 4 cross patern for 36 or 48 spoke wheels.. to start place a hoop on your lap with the valve hole away from you (notice the spoke holes are high and low).. now take your hub and starting with the in-bound spokes, slide one spoke … The angle is the inclination of the spoke to the radius of the wheel. Answer Do not bend too much. Skip three holes, insert another nipple into the fourth hole and thread it three turns onto the next spoke… For the right side, I entered the number of spokes in the rim (24), and corrected for the different number of holes in the hub by using a decimal number (2.17) for cross. The spokes on the flange will go into every other spoke hole on the rim. Then go on with all the red spokes namely on hole 4, 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 17 on the hub counting clockwise. There's a couple of things to note about the 1x lacing. The effect of the physical spoke crossings is to make spokes more elastic than they used to be. 1. In this series we give you the basics of building a 36 spoke wheel. This is not working for us who live in a small town where local bike stores do not sell fancy rims. When i recently built her up a light'n'sexy single speed for running about town i decided to braid into each wheel a flower complete with petals. Here's how. There you can see we leave two holes blank on the flange without spoke. Some rims have holes that are off center and some do not. You need "the working sheet" above to follow this instructable easier and clearly, print it out if possible. If only that store had a pair of rims available, it would have been easier to lace the wheels. The wheel was a 36 spoke rear 700c road bike wheel, and my main failing was in tensioning and dishing. One cross, two cross, what does it all mean? a variation on 3-cross lacing for 36-spoke wheels. Dishing It is standard with rear bicycle hubs that the spokes ont he right side are shorter and more vertical than the spokes on the left, because of the space that the freewheel takes up. There are two reasons why 3x is strongest for 32 and 36h: First, the spokes are connected to the hub tangentially, so braking and pedaling forces go directly to spoke tension without any sideways forces. This means the head up spoke will be on top of the head down spoke. Please note that this tutorial is about lacing a motorcycle wheel in it’s original state with the original lacing pattern. only 18 spokes using every second hole in the 36h rim; non-disc side has 6 spokes laced radially; disc side has 12 spokes laced 1x. They are all goes to the left of the blue spokes on the rim. Seb studied experimental physics at university, and he's now happily using (wasting) his degree experimenting with different bike setups, trying to work out what works best and why. These orange spokes are red spokes partners on one flange. You can unsubscribe at any time. It’s important to understand how one spoke’s tension affects the hub, rim and other spokes. Spokes are arranged in all sorts of ways with the most common being a three-cross pattern. 4/3 ratio: 32/24, 48/36. This means each spoke crosses three others before it gets to the rim. 9 groups of 4 spokes will complete the wheel. Don't miss out on MBUK – get your next 3 issues for just £5, Get the next 3 issues of the UK's number one cycling magazine for just £5. Thankfully I have double wall rims, so the excessive spokes inside the rim do no harm to the tube ^_^. If only that store had a pair of rims available, it would have been easier to lace the wheels. on Step 4. Do you buy a mismatch hub and rim of a bike wheel? Bearings are going south and … SO anyway, I didn't realize how expensive it was to simply but a new wheel on your bike. On a 36 spoke wheel there are 9 groups of four, while a 40 spoke wheel has 10 groups of four. 5 months ago The only difference is the number of spokes per stage are different: 6 for a 24 hole, 7 for a 28 hole, 8 for a 32 hole, and 9 for a 36 hole wheel (can you spot the pattern? Because we must skip two spoke holes in a row in the hub, the spokes are in four groups of 5, 7, 5 and 7, as shown in the image below. In the same direction you installed the first spoke, place 6 or 7 more into the hub (8 for 36-hole wheels) using every other hole. Question If you go extreme sport, well, better pick appropriate gears for that purpose :D, 2 years ago In this post I’ll explain the basics of how to lace a motorcycle wheel. We are working with the inside-out spokes. Lacing the last 18 spokes to complete the lacing of this 36 spoke wheel! About: Just an ordinary person who loves #thinking and #tinkering. The spokes for the 32 hole rim were 4mm longer than the original ones, and some where sticking out a bit. For those who have the same problem you can give this a try.Some said we need some spokes with different length, but I would say that you need not if you have a double wall rims. You'll need a wheel truing stand, a spoke wrench, a flat screwdriver, and medium weight oil. If a number has two colors it means one color is put on top flange and the other is put on the lower flange. Bicycle wheelbuilding is one of the most satisfying skills you can add to your bike repair expertise.When you’re able to lace spokes, true, round and tension wheels, it’s a breeze keeping your bike going (and your friends') if a wheel develops a wobble or breaks a spoke. The second way is to lace the wheel in an over/under pattern, such that the spoke tension compresses the bend part of the spoke into the flange. This is the traditional method that is supposed to result in a stiffer wheel. Next, let's look at a wheel which has 4 spokes in the hub for every 3 in the rim. We begin with lacing the wheel, then show you the process of truing the wheel. Each spoke crosses one other spoke from the same flange. Updated Nov 22, 2020. Before you continue, be sure to read part one which focuses on spoke lacing pattern symmetry.. 32 or 36 J-bend spokes are used in a three cross arrangement, 2. First:Take the next set of spokes and drop them through the remaining holes from the outside of the flange. I'm still looking into my options, and we'll figure something out.Again, thanks for the write up! Put all the orange spokes on namely on hole 5, 7, 9, 12, 14, 16, 18 on the hub. For example, if the rim is off to the left, and the center of the bend is between two spokes, tighten the spoke that goes to the right flange 1/4 turn, and loosen the spoke that goes left 1/4 turn; If the center of the left bend is next to a spoke that goes to the right flange, tighten that spoke 1/4 turn, and loosen each of the two left spokes next to it 1/8 turn; If the center of the left bend is next to a spoke that goes to the … For easier to read on my working sheet, I mark the number on flange with colors. The pair consists to the head up and head down spokes immediately to the right of the original pair. Answer: A third to half the cost of a handbuilt wheel is in the labour. Two-cross spoke patterns are often found on high-end wheels, 3. on Step 5. Separate your spokes. Note that each nipple sits in a dome that alternates in alignment around the inside of the rim. 2 years ago Flip the wheel again so that the driving side is on top. On my rim, the key spoke hole (red arrow) happens to be on the left side of the valve hole. Wheels with less than 36 spokes are the greatest marketing fraud and those who are not racing should look for 36 spoke wheels. One main step in making a bike is lacing your wheel. It's important to remember that on the rear wheel the drive side spokes are slightly shorter than the non-drive side, due to the dish of the wheel. There are then holes directly in line with one another in the two flanges. But why are the spokes laced this way and why are they sometimes set up differently? Check out this video on calculating spoke length if you need spokes! Lacing: You will most likely want to lace the spokes. Radially spoked wheel will be slightly lighter and stiffer but can not handle torque at all. 2 years ago, Ups. Wheel - What you get when you put all of these things together. No issue so far, but of course normal riding, speeding sometimes, but no jumping acrobatics of course. In theory you can't lace a 36h wheel 4 cross because the spokes (on the hub side) will be in contact with the next spoke, so the "head" of 1 spoke will located between the straight part of the next spoke and the hub. As the spokes cross over each other, it could just as easily be called weaving. Depending on the type of hub, the hub may extend a little or a lot beyond the edge of the wheel. A 27-spoke wheel (9/18 drilling) has the same number of drive side spokes as a 36-spoke conventional wheel! So 3 crosses is supposed to be with the red spokes, that's why on the next photo I use my palm to better viewing the crosses and blocking the other-side spokes.Yes, I should had drawn the diagram with grey-out style or dash line :D, Hey Chienline, thanks for saving me the headache of buying new hubs. I am still riding this bike today. Without the bullshit. So get everything together and make some time learn how to build a wheel, a very rewarding experience. I never noticed that the new Shimano hub I ordered has 36 holes. Question This means that every spoke intersects three others between the hub and the rim. With this exclusive deal from Presto Coffee, you can enjoy a saving of £12! Well thanks so much for the reply. In my opinion, as long as you do not use it for extreme sports and the tracks you are running daily is not that kind of off-road tracks, that will be okay with 20 spokes.36 - 20 = 16 holes to be left-out. There are two reasons why 3x is strongest for 32 and 36h: First, the spokes are connected to the hub tangentially, so braking and pedaling forces go directly to spoke tension without any sideways forces. I have exactly this problem with my 1000w motor and alloy rim. Doubling the number of spokes on the right side of a bicycle wheel might also be used to optimize tension -- for example, a wheel might have 24 spokes on the right side and 12 on the left -- though at the expense of special rim and hub drillings.] For heavily loaded touring, a 40 spoke rear wheel is more than welcome. Can you please provide or make a video from this(esp on youtube)? Insert the spokes. What matters for most people is using a good amount of spokes, good spokes, a good rim and hub, and putting them together well (and how they're put together) - pretty much any wheel is going to be bad if the wheelbuilder messes up/sucks. Second:Twist the hub, so that the spokes run diagonally from the hub to the rim. The most common way for a wheel to be laced is with 32 or 36 J-bend spokes, arranged in a three-cross pattern. The wheel was a 36 spoke rear 700c road bike wheel, and my main failing was in tensioning and dishing. In this tutorial we show you how to lace the drive side spokes of a rear bicycle wheel. - YouTube I use the color code "red spokes" regarding to my working sheet. Ever notice any hopping at higher speeds? That's good news. 2 mechanics couldn't solve my problem. Can this be used with a larger ebike motor? You can see that they are slightly up or down alternately. If you have time, and want to learn, its not hard to build a wheel. If only that store had a pair of rims available, it would have been easier to lace the wheels. Start from the hole #2 on the hub (from the inside out), the green spoke goes counter clockwise and make three cross to three blue spokes. Lacing: You lace one flange at a time. On the rim, we leave 3 holes in between two spokes. Put your first spoke in one hole of the hub then go through the hole on the rim that is slightly up (either on the left or right of valve hole, it is on the left in my case). Try not bend too much or straighten it back after reaching the hole on the rim. We used the UBI Spoke Calculator. If you're running 36 spokes, always start assuming a 3 cross wheel, and then ask if other designs will give you substantial improvement without additional problems. In my working sheet, the blues are on the left of the reds because it is viewed from non-driving side, we have flipped the rim remember? In my case, I have double walls rims that protect the inner tubes from the excessive spokes inside the rims. 3 cross wheel. On the front hub, the non-driveside flange (the one next to the brake rotor) is closer to the centre of the hub than the driveside flange is. Find the valve hole for it is our guide for the initial spoke. The only reason to use it is for its unusual appearance--the only other advantage it offers is ease of getting your hand between the spokes for cleaning the hub. 4 months ago. You might need to bend the spoke a little to bring it down the other spoke. The holes on the rim are slightly offset, if you look at them carefully. To see a photo of this wheel with the left spokes oriented differently, click on 36_24_2.jpg. I have used spokes and nipples which are inappropriate for Rohloff wheels; this has resulted in a lot of frustration. The non-driveside spokes therefore require a higher tension to keep the wheel straight. Subscribe today and get the next 3 issues of your favourite cycling magazine for just £5! They are available on eBay in just about any size, the distance between hub and rim is 150mm and a careful measure using my existing spoke suggests 155mm should work fine. Just distribute them evenly and do at least 2 crosses on each spokes I think that would be okay. Share it with us! Make your own! In this tutorial we show you how to lace the drive side spokes of a rear bicycle wheel. Then I ordered a new pair … Money is Money I probably spend more than $500.00 per year maintaining the family's four bicycles. It will help a lot to have a good picture of a single cross lace … Tried it the other day on both my rims and worked really well. In this case, starting from the hub, one spoke is crossed almost immediately after leaving the hub, and the other is crossed about half way to the rim. Some Roval and Fulcrum front wheels use different patterns, 4. How to build a 36 spoke wheel. I know, I know, I can by DuraAce hubs and DTSwiss spokes, and Zipp rims that are really good, but! Lacing Bike Wheel : 36 Holes Hub to 32 Holes Rim: Do you buy a mismatch hub and rim of a bike wheel? Low weight and/or increased strength of the wheel: a 24-hole hub in a 2:1 arrangement has 16 spokes on the drive side which is the same as a 32-spoke conventional wheel. The 9 continent hub motor in the pictures has 36 holes in the hub flange, so you want 36 holes in the 26” rim. Firstly, if this was a rim brake wheel you could just lace it radially both sides (provided the … spokes 36ea. High-end wheels with straight-pull spokes often use just 28 or 24 spokes to save weight. Number of Spokes Ns 36 spokes Leff, is 14.4 mm less than the length of the spoke to the neutral axis of the rim, L, due to the rigid threaded connection between the spoke and the rim. First:Take the next set of spokes and drop them through the remaining holes from the outside of the flange. Spokes - The wire things with a bent nail-head at one end and threads at the other. Some wheels have different length spokes for the brake-side compared to the opposite side; no worry, just keep them marked, separated and photographed. The 36-hole rim works with a 36-hole hub drilled to have 72 spoke holes, 36 in each flange. For orange spokes we are now working on inside-out spokes. Important Concepts: This tutorial explains setting hub-to-rim offset and adjusting radial/lateral runout. Question 1 year ago, You are welcome, Chris.Yes you are right about "we need 4 shorter spokes" but I just couldn't get them here in my home town. On the hub flange we leave 2 holes between 1-4 and 10-13. Did you make this project? Not bad. This improves the spoke angle to ease the load on the driveside spokes, while the non-driveside is laced two-cross to deal with braking and pedalling torque. The only reason to use it is for its unusual appearance--the only other advantage it offers is ease of getting your hand between the spokes for cleaning the hub. We used the UBI Spoke Calculator. I am new to bike's parts and technology. Hej chienline,how did you calculate the spoke lengths? Seb's much happier back-to-back testing suspension on a wet Welsh hillside than riding the latest five-figure bikes on some sunny press trip - although he quite likes that too! Spokes for your rear wheel will be of different lengths, USUALLY. I know, I know, I can by DuraAce hubs and DTSwiss spokes, and Zipp rims that are really good, but! A 27-spoke wheel (9/18 drilling) has the same number of drive side spokes as a 36-spoke conventional wheel! Start slowly rotating the wheel, and when you see a gap between the zip tie and the rim, tighten the spokes that will make the gap smaller by ½ turn. Thanks for the write up. By entering your details, you are agreeing to BikeRadar terms and conditions and privacy policy. It means that depending on the thickness of the "head" of the spoke, it has to be bended to avoid it. Mike goes into great detail on which holes to lace first and what patterns work the best. You should also prep your spokes with linseed oil or spoke prep before lacing. Wheel rim off center pull in. Not all hubs are centered on the wheel. They will take a couple of weeks to arrive so I will let you know. Radially spoked wheel will be slightly lighter and stiffer but can not handle torque at all. Just neet to read slowly and let the photos be your guide :), Question So it is between a blue spoke and a blank hole on the rim after crossing three red spokes. Thanks! On deep rims holes are sometimes drilled at an angle. 2 years ago. most rims with directional eyelets wont even allow for that kind of lacing without some force, but if you use a velocity deep v for instance without eyelets at all, or say a single wall rim you may find that it works alright, but the actual truing of the wheel after the fact will be hard to accomplish. Radial spokes allow the most motion and apply the most sideways leverage to your spokes. I just did. There is also a whole book on how to build wheels well and design decisions, by Jobst Brandt, called "The Bicycle Wheel". Answer: A third to half the cost of a handbuilt wheel is in the labour. Now put all the other blue spokes on the hub namely hole number 3, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17. The first cross is from the above (up), the second cross is from above (up) and the third cross is from the below (down) the red spoke it passes. Spoke layout is obvious upon close inspection. I adopted a new method, similar to "three cross pattern" but differ from the conventional wheel building method found on the web. It isn't - it's lacing. 5 months ago The same side is the red spokes.

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